Ground motion modification is extensively used in practice to modify a seed acceleration time history in intensity and frequency content until its acceleration response spectrum matches a target spectrum. However, the decision to accept or reject a modified motion commonly relies on a subjective process where the time histories of the modified motion are visually compared to those of the seed motion. Various metrics were used to quantify the similarity between the modified time histories and their scaled counterparts for hundreds of modified ground motions from three different earthquake scenarios. Of the metrics considered, the inverse modified RMSE metric for time histories (imRMSEt) was found most appropriate as it resulted in the least amount of dispersion in the goodness-of-fit values with respect to spectral mismatch. The imRMSEt was then found to be correlated to qualitative rankings assigned to the modified time histories through a visual assessment. The correlation between the quantitative imRMSEt values and qualitative rankings is used to establish threshold values to screen modified velocity and displacement time histories that are likely acceptable or likely unacceptable.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.