When evaluating the liquefaction hazard within a performance-based framework, whether using simplified procedures or advanced numerical tools, the hazard and its effects on structures need to be evaluated under a range of ground motions. Choice of an optimum intensity measure (IM) in the selection and scaling of ground motions will reduce variability in the predicted response, dependence on source characteristics, and uncertainty in the prediction of the IM. This paper presents the results of a numerical parametric study, validated against centrifuge results, to evaluate the influence of different IMs on the liquefaction hazard in the far-field and near shallow-founded structures. Pore pressure redistribution and soil-structure interaction were considered in estimating the liquefaction hazard in terms of peak excess pore pressure ratio (ru,peak). The IMs at the base rock, far-field soil surface, and foundation with the best combination of efficiency, sufficiency, and predictability were evaluated and identified as: (1) pseudo-spectral acceleration at the site's initial fundamental period (PSABase[TSo]) for predicting ru,peak in the far-field; (2) peak ground acceleration, (PGABase); and Arias intensity (AIBase) for predicting ru,peak under the foundation.

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