The M7.5 earthquake of 26 October 2015 resulted due to reverse faulting at an intermediate depth of 210 km within the northeast-trending tabular zone underneath the Hindu Kush region, with its epicenter located 45 km southwest of Jarm in Afghanistan. In Pakistan alone, the earthquake and subsequent aftershock swarm resulted in 280 fatalities, injuries to 1,770 persons, and notable damage to 109,123 buildings. A synopsis of observations is presented herein, covering details about seismotectonics, strong motion characteristics, damage statistics, and typical building failure modes. Building damage was observed to mostly concentrate in vulnerable rural and old unreinforced masonry buildings, with aspects such as complete or partial out of plane collapse of walls, collapse of roofs due to loss of seating, shear cracking in masonry walls/panels, shear and flexural damage in masonry spandrels, cracking at infill-frame interface, damage at building corners, pounding damage, toppled minarets, and damage due to ground settlement.
Building Typologies Prevalent in Northern Pakistan and Their Performance during the 2015 Hindu Kush Earthquake
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Najif Ismail, Nouman Khattak; Building Typologies Prevalent in Northern Pakistan and Their Performance during the 2015 Hindu Kush Earthquake. Earthquake Spectra 2016;; 32 (4): 2473–2493. doi: https://doi.org/10.1193/012116EQS022M
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