A simple prismatic Timoshenko beam model with soil-structure interaction (SSI) is developed to approximate the dynamic linear elastic behavior of buildings. A closed-form solution with complete vibration modes is derived. It is demonstrated that building properties, including mode shapes, can be derived from knowledge of the natural frequencies of the first two translational modes in a particular direction and from the building dimensions. In many cases, the natural frequencies of a building's first two vibrational modes can be determined from data recorded by a single seismometer. The total building's vibration response can then be simulated by the appropriate modal summation. Preliminary analysis is performed on the Caltech Millikan Library, which has significant bending deformation because it is much stiffer in shear.

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