Analytical design tools for evaluation of soil-pile-structure interaction during seismic events are evaluated and modified. Several implementations of the “Beam on Nonlinear Winkler Foundation” (BNWF) method were used to predict results of centrifuge model tests of single piles in a soft clay soil profile. This paper shows that calculations from these computer codes can be sensitive to the details of the arrangement of nonlinear springs and linear viscous dashpots. Placing the linear viscous dashpots (representing radiation damping in the far field) in series with the hysteretic component of the p-y elements (representing the nonlinear soil-pile response in the near field) is shown to be technically preferable to a parallel arrangement of the viscous and hysteretic damping components. Preliminary centrifuge data is reasonably modeled by the numerical calculations using this implementation of damping, but additional field or physical model data are needed to fully evaluate the reliability of BNWF procedures.

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