Alcide Dessalines d’Orbigny, the prodigious French naturalist and paleontologist of the first half of the 19th Century, published over three hundred works on natural history, geology, anthropology, linguistics, and the taxonomy and paleontology of every major phylum of animals, many plants, and a single protist group, the Foraminifera (Barta-Calmus 2002). His work on foraminifera was mostly descriptive, but he first named the group (although in the French vernacular so he is not credited with the systematic use of the name), used new techniques of explanation, amassed a huge collection of specimens and samples, and published seven major...

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