Abstract

The Lower Devonian to Upper Permian Stikine Assemblage is well exposed in northwestern British Columbia, near the west-central margin of the Stikine terrane. The stratigraphic base of the assemblage is not exposed and the Upper Triassic Stuhini Group disconformably overlies the assemblage locally. The assemblage consists mainly of various types of volcanic rocks, and there is a large, polyphase, Devono-Mississippian sub-volcanic plutonic complex. The assemblage includes a distinctive, but laterally discontinuous mid-Carboniferous limestone named the Arctic Lake Formation. Facies are mainly locally re-worked, well-bedded skeletal wackestone, but whole fossil floatstone and intraformational olistostromal deposits are present. Stratigraphic thickness varies from 32 to 80 metres. Stratigraphic contacts with bounding Lower and Upper Carboniferous successions are conformable and intergradational, but paraconformities may also be present. The formation records weak development of disjointed carbonate ramps on volcanic highlands. Neritic faunal assemblages have warm water, open marine affinity. The formation spans the Serpukhovian-Bashkirian boundary and encompasses microfacies assigned to Global Foraminiferal zones 17, 18 and 20. Integrated foraminiferal-coral-conodont biostratigraphy and uranium-lead geochronology support a circa 350 Ma age for the Tournaisian-Visean boundary, and a circa 320 Ma age for the Serpukhovian-Bashkirian (Mississippian-Pennsylvanian) boundary.

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