Clays are used in the general production of earthen tiles. In this study, the production and characterization of earthen tiles from schist, a clayey rock formed by metamorphism of mudstone or shale, was investigated. The impact of tiles on atmospheric temperature through their absorption of the visible, near-infrared and far-infrared wavelength regions is evaluated. In particular, the absorption of ultraviolet and infrared radiation by the tiles was evaluated, as this could have beneficial applications for human health and the environment. UV-A radiation (320–400 nm) is not absorbed by the atmosphere, but schist materials absorb UV-A, which can contribute to melanoma formation (i.e. cancer). Field-emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and X-ray diffraction were used for the analysis of the schist materials. The tile-production stages of schist materials (drying, firing, water absorption rate, etc.) were tested at Hatipoglu Gunes Tile and Brick Industry, Inc. (Turkey). The tiles fired at 950°C and 1000°C comply with the industry standard compressive strength values for fired tiles (when converted to industry production conditions) and were 156.15 and 123.20 kg cm–2, respectively.