The aim of this research was to determine the temperature of kaolin calcination in order to obtain an intermediate product (metakaolin) for the synthesis of geopolymers with potential application as self-supporting zeolitic membranes. The products obtained were analysed with X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The structural analysis of the metakaolins obtained suggested that the optimal temperature for the proposed application is 700°C. After alkali activation of metakaolin, it is possible to obtain zeolite A and hydroxysodalite. The factors analysed, determining the type and quantity of crystalline phases, were activation temperature and concentration of sodium hydroxide solution (activator). The largest amounts of zeolites were obtained by alkali activation with 9 mol/dm3 NaOH solution at 70°C.