Abstract

A synthetic protonic magadiite was used as a silica source to prepare zeolitic material (PLS-1) in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide and water. The conversion of the protonic magadiite to the PLS-1 phase was achieved at 150°C after 5 days, or at 170°C after 3 days for SiO2:TMAOH:H2O molar ratios of 2.54:1:4.4. The synthesis of the pure PLS-1 phase depended also on the amounts of tetramethylammonium hydroxide and water used. Analysis by 29Si magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy confirmed the layered character of the PLS-1 phase with a resonance at −93 ppm, and its dehydroxylation-condensation process. The chemical formula of (TMA)2Si18O33(OH)6 for PLS-1 was refined with the Rietveld method and the tetrahedron-splitting model. The later model has been proposed to describe the presence of silanol defects in the layered structure of PLS-1. Upon calcinations of the PLS-1 phase at temperatures >400°C, the removal of TMA cations and dehydroxlyation of PLS-1 layers resulted in a three-dimensional structure phase identified as the CDS-1 phase, with a chemical formula of Si18O36. The CDS-1 phase exhibited a large specific surface area of 288 m2/g and microporous character, as indicated by the nitrogen adsorption isotherms. The temperature-programmed desorption profile of ammonia indicated that CDS-1 exhibited one weak type of acid sites, confirmed, by pyridine desorption studies, as weak Lewis acid sites.

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