Abstract

Minerals with the general formula Cu4(OH)6A2nn±pH2O(A=Cl,NO3,SO42) were synthesized and their behaviour following treatment with chloride, nitrate and sulfate solutions was studied by powder XRD and SEM. Two types of transformation were found: (1) an ion-exchange reaction manifested by preservation of both the precursor’s morphology and structural type; (2) a dissolution-crystallization mechanism characterized by changes in the structural type and the morphology.

The results were considered by simultaneous application of the binary presentation of the structures, a bond valence approach and the ion-exchange ability. It was found that the structures of minerals with ion-exchange properties are built from similar layered structural unit of edge-shared and corner-shared Jahn-Teller square frameworks and different interstitial complexes of exchangeable ions, water molecules and cation-water groups. On the basis of their structural features the position of the investigated minerals in mineralogical classifications is also discussed.

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