Abstract

Natural degradation of slopes is normally considered to involve surficial displacements resulting mainly from frost action, erosion, and downhill creep. Measurements from inclinometer installations in a variety of slope profiles in the Ottawa area show that significant deep-seated movements may occur in these slopes. These movements are associated with seasonal peaks in ground water pressures within the slope and may contribute to the long term degradation of the slope.While the factor of safety against catastrophic failure of a slope is of prime importance, the possible effects of deep-seated slope movements should not be disregarded when considering adjacent land use.

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