Abstract

Samples of Cretaceous sediment have been dredged from the Scotian Shelf at a locality 100 km north-northwest of Sable Island.Continuous seismic-reflection profiles across the sample area show the presence of well defined stratification within the bedrock. These beds are truncated by the slopes of submarine valleys which transect the area. Bedrock appears to outcrop along the upper portion of the valley walls or be covered by a layer of unconsolidated material so thin as to be beyond the resolution of the seismic equipment. The dredged material appears to have come from rubble heaps near the base of the valley slopes and is believed to have originated locally.Approximately 450 kg of sedimentary rock were recovered consisting principally of sideritic quartz sandstone and arenaceous sideritic carbonate, both with fossiliferous material. Glauconite is a significant constituent of many samples.The macrofauna include sufficiently diagnostic forms to suggest correlation with the early Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian) though the possible presence of older or younger forms cannot be wholly excluded. The microflora and microfauna appear to correlate mainly with the Albian-Aptian, and Albian-Cenomanian, respectively.Cretaceous strata immediately underlie much of the central and eastern portions of the Scotian Shelf. Tertiary sediments reported by Marlowe and Bartlett overlie the Cretaceous toward the continental margin and appear to occur as a discontinuous veneer at other localities on the shelf.

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