Igneous rocks of the Jurassic continental arc of southwest North American Cordillera crop out in the region between Cananea and Nacozari, in northeastern Sonora, Mexico. Contemporaneous igneous rocks occur farther south in the Nazas rift province; however, their tectonic affinity is debated between the southern extension of the Cordilleran arc and an origin associated with decompressive mantle melting during the Pangea breakup. We consider that the studied rocks represent the southernmost expression of the Jurassic continental arc. Four magmatic units are distinguished based on geology, U–Pb zircon geochronology, and geochemical composition. They comprise the Buenos Aires granite dated at 183.8 ± 1.1 Ma, the Mababi granite with ages of 175.5 ± 1.8, 173.5 ± 1.8, and 171.7 ± 1.0 Ma, the Elenita Formation volcanic rocks dated at 169.7 ± 1.7 Ma, and the Cerro Blanco granite dated at 162.3 ± 2.4 Ma. The studied samples correspond to highly differentiated rocks with high-silica contents (69–76 wt.%), low Mg# values (mostly <45), and alkali–calcic and peraluminous compositions suggesting crustal contamination. LREE-enriched normalized slopes with negative Eu anomalies and multielement plots characterized by well-developed negative anomalies of Nb–Ta, P, and Ti provide an unequivocal signal of the continental arc nature. In contrast to the Nazas province, where the Jurassic magmatism consists of discreet volcaniclastic sequences deposited in extensional basins with no evidence of plutonic rocks, the Jurassic continental arc of Arizona and northern Sonora forms a regionally coherent geological feature characterized by large exposures of volcanic and plutonic rocks.

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