The Snow Lake gold camp is located within amphibolite facies volcanic rocks of the ca. 1.88–1.87 Ga Flin Flon – Glennie Complex (FFGC) in the Trans-Hudson Orogen, Manitoba. During thrusting and collision with the Archean Sask craton, volcanic rocks were interleaved with turbidites of the ca. 1.855–1.84 Ga Burntwood Group and sandstone and conglomerate of the ca. 1.845–1.835 Ga Missi Group. The main cleavage in the turbidites was previously attributed to thrusting and used as a marker for correlating structures across the camp. A re-examination of this cleavage suggests that it overprints the thrust faults and formed during later collision between the FFGC and the Archean Superior craton. This has important implications as it further suggests that (1) previously unrecognized, early brittle thrust faults repeat volcanic stratigraphy and may have created the boundary conditions that enabled the formation of ductile thrust faults, fold nappes, and mega sheath folds; (2) shear sense indicators along ductile thrust faults formed during their reactivation as sinistral shear zones rather than during thrusting; and (3) peak metamorphic conditions were caused by thrusting and stacking during collision with the Sask craton but were attained later during collision with the Superior craton due to the time lag between orogenesis and the re-equilibration of regional isotherms. Results from this study may be applicable to other complexly deformed terranes where the dominant regional cleavage differs in expression in mixed volcanic and sedimentary successions and has been used as a marker for correlating structures.
A reinterpretation of the Snow Lake gold camp, Trans-Hudson Orogen, Canada: the use of cleavages as markers to correlate structures across deformed terranes
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K.E. Rubingh, B. Lafrance, H.L. Gibson; A reinterpretation of the Snow Lake gold camp, Trans-Hudson Orogen, Canada: the use of cleavages as markers to correlate structures across deformed terranes. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 2020;; 58 (7): 610–639. doi: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2020-0135
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