The east–northeast-striking Thelon and Judge Sissons faults of south-central Nunavut are well preserved and record long-lived dextral transcurrent movement with complex reactivation and fluid flow histories. The faults cut across Archean gneisses, Paleoproterozoic plutons, and a Mesoproterozoic sedimentary basin in the Rae domain of the western Churchill Province. They formed and were reactivated during multiple deformation events beginning with an initial faulting event at 1830–1760 Ma, followed by an epithermal faulting event at 1760–1750 Ma and late reactivation events at 1600–1300 Ma. The initial faulting event produced the core-damage zone architecture of the faults. Damage zones are characterized by multiple fracture sets, quartz veins and hydrothermal crackle breccias, surrounding core zones defined by multiple mosaic to chaotic breccias and cataclasites with dextral slip indicators. The epithermal faulting event is expressed by the presence of crosscutting comb, crustiform-cockade and lattice-bladed quartz ± hematite ± carbonate veins, and is likely associated with a magmatic event of similar age. The late reactivation events resulted in the formation of irregular, non-cohesive crackle to mosaic breccias and gouges, which became the primary pathways for uranium-bearing hydrothermal fluids and the formation of unconformity-type uranium deposits. The Thelon and Judge Sissons faults are similar to other major continental faults in the Rae domain (e.g., McDonald fault, Wager Bay shear zone), which formed during the Paleoproterozoic Taltson–Thelon and Trans-Hudson orogenies and to modern analogues, such as the Karakorum, Altyn Tagh, and Hunan–Jiangxi faults, which formed during the Himalayan–Tibetan orogeny and experienced prolonged hydrothermal and even hot spring activity.

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