Triassic granitic magmatism is widespread in the Eastern Kunlun Orogenic Belt (EKOB), northern Tibetan Plateau. Some of the granitoids are characterized by high Sr and low Y contents, and consequently high Sr/Y ratios. These high Sr/Y-ratio granitoids are often interpreted as adakitic rocks, originating from the thickened continental lower crust. However, studies have shown that granitoids with high Sr/Y ratios may have formed via other geological processes. This paper reports U–Pb ages, geochemical and Sr–Nd–Hf isotopic data for newly discovered granodiorite porphyries in the Kunlun River area of the Eastern Kunlun Orogenic Belt, and discusses whether the EKOB experienced crustal thickening during the Triassic. The granodiorite porphyries crystallized at 205 Ma. They have some adakitic characteristics with SiO2 = 66.96–69.68 wt.%, Sr/Y ratios = 31–43, La/Yb = 26.9–57.9, Y = 8.47–11.3, Yb = 0.75–1.30, and MgO = 0.44–0.99 wt.%. However, the relatively flat heavy rare earth element patterns indicate that garnet was not the main residue in the magma source. In addition, combined with Nd–Hf isotopic data, these results indicate that the timing of the original generation of the crustal sources of the granodiorites should be Mesoproterozoic, with the involvement of older (Paleoproterozoic) components. The granodiorite porphyries were emplaced in a post-collisional environment after the northward subduction of Paleo-Tethyan oceanic lithosphere, and without thickening of the continental crust.
Petrogenesis and tectonic implications of the Late Triassic Nangou granodiorite porphyry in the Eastern Kunlun Orogenic Belt, northern Tibetan Plateau
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Jiaming Yan, Fengyue Sun, Ye Qian, Nan Tian, Zhengping Yan, Yongsheng Zhang, Ximing Yang; Petrogenesis and tectonic implications of the Late Triassic Nangou granodiorite porphyry in the Eastern Kunlun Orogenic Belt, northern Tibetan Plateau. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences ; 57 (7): 801–813. doi: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2019-0130
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