The geochemistry and Sr–Nd isotope, zircon U–Pb, and zircon Hf isotope compositions are reported for monzogranites and granodiorites from the Hazhu area in the northern Beishan orogen, northwestern China. Zircon U–Pb dating yielded ages of 270.1 ± 1.1 and 277.4 ± 1.2 Ma for the monzogranites and 263.6 ± 1.2 and 262.2 ± 1.1 Ma for the granodiorites. These monzogranites and granodiorites are metaluminous to weakly peraluminous I-type and belong to mid-K calc-alkaline and high-K calc-alkaline series. They exhibit high Mg# values and moderate degrees of differentiation (D.I. = 70.7–88.1). They are enriched in large-ion lithophile elements and light rare earth elements and depleted in high field strength elements. They show high (87Sr/86Sr)i ratios of 0.6995–0.7070 and high εNd(t) values of 4.37–5.70 with Nd model ages (TDM) of 522–789 Ma, suggesting a juvenile crustal origin. Furthermore, their εHf(t) values are all positive, and Hf isotopic crustal model ages (forumla = 394–1097 Ma) also indicate a juvenile crustal origin. According to the data obtained in this study and other regional geological data acquired recently, the Hazhu granitoids were derived from common sources of melting from the Neoproterozoic to late Paleozoic juvenile crusts. The younger intrusions (granodiorites) are more basic, likely as a result of more juvenile lower crust being melted along with asthenospheric upwelling, which led to the addition of more basic components. These granitoids formed in a post-collisional setting. The tectonic regime transformed from an arc-related compressional setting to post-collisional extension, likely as a result of lithospheric extension and thinning in response to oceanic lithospheric delamination. These granitoids in the northern Beishan orogen were probably emplaced in a post-collisional extensional setting and suggest vertical continental crustal growth in the southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt.

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