Scabby Butte is an isolated exposure of Upper Cretaceous (uppermost Campanian to lowermost Maastrichtian) strata of the St. Mary River Formation. These rocks have produced a diverse assemblage of both terrestrial and aquatic vertebrates, although hadrosaurid and ceratopsid dinosaurs represent the largest component by volume. Almost all of these dinosaur remains were collected from a single bonebed (Site 2) at Scabby Butte and have been referred to the hadrosaurid Edmontosaurus regalis Lambe, 1917 and the ceratopsid Pachyrhinosaurus canadensis Sternberg, 1950. This study presents a quantitative taphonomic reanalysis of the originally published data, providing new information previously overlooked and important information about the age-class structure of the dinosaur fauna preserved at the site. Site 2 is a lag deposit with a minimum number of 11 individuals (two ceratopsid, nine hadrosaurid), with three-quarters of the material being adult-sized based on size-class analysis. Most elements have undergone moderate to severe breakage and abrasion, and are completely disarticulated, suggesting that they were transported from where they died; post-mortem scavenging is also a possibility, as evidenced by the presence of tooth marks and trample marks on several elements. Burial took place soon after scavenging, as there is little evidence of subaerial weathering.

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