North- to northeast-trending intermediate to felsic porphyry dykes in the McKenzie Gulch (MG) area intrude Upper Ordovician through Silurian calcareous sedimentary rocks of the Matapédia Group. These dykes are spatially associated with numerous copper–silver skarn occurrences. In this area, two distinct suites of dykes are recognized: plagioclase–hornblende porphyry (P–H) and quartz–plagioclase porphyry (Q–P). These suites yielded U–Pb (zircon) ages of 386.2 ± 3.1 Ma and 386.4 ± 3.3 Ma, respectively, indicating a coeval relationship and similar genesis despite slight geochemical and petrographical differences. Geochemical data indicate that the dykes are granodioritic to granitic to slightly tonalitic in composition with I-type and slab failure signatures. When compared with other granitoids in the region, the Murdochville suite in Gaspésie, Québec, is the only intrusion that exhibits slab failure magmatic signatures similar to the MG dykes. Magmas with slab failure signatures are compositionally similar to tonalite–trondhjemite–granodiorite (TTG) suites and adakites. They exhibit low Y and Yb concentrations and subsequent high Sr/Y and La/Yb ratios, which are interpreted to be the result of melting of subducting slab and mantle during the waning stages of collision and consequent slab failure. These processes were followed by assimilation and fractional crystallization of minerals such as hornblende and clinopyroxene (± titanite), which preferentially partition Y and heavy rare earth elements (HREE) in the absence of significant plagioclase. Magmas with similar geochemical characteristics worldwide have been proposed to be an important source for metals in most porphyry Cu and skarn deposits and consequently are a target during mineral exploration.
Petrochemistry and U–Pb (zircon) age of porphyry dykes at the McKenzie Gulch porphyry–skarn Cu–Ag–Au deposit, north-central New Brunswick, Canada: implications for emplacement age, tectonic setting, and mineralization potential
Corresponding author: Ronald Joseph Massawe (email: email@example.com).
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Ronald Joseph Massawe, David R. Lentz; Petrochemistry and U–Pb (zircon) age of porphyry dykes at the McKenzie Gulch porphyry–skarn Cu–Ag–Au deposit, north-central New Brunswick, Canada: implications for emplacement age, tectonic setting, and mineralization potential. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences ; 57 (4): 427–452. doi: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2018-0313
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