Infrared (IR) spectroscopy has been used to characterize clay and clay-sized minerals present in drill cores that are associated with unconformity-related uranium deposits. Physical properties have been measured on samples to gain empirical data about the rock types and associated relationships with geophysical survey data. These data can be used to build three-dimensional geological models and constrain geophysical inversions. The objective of this study is to verify whether a relationship exists between rock physical properties and IR spectral mineralogy. Physical properties were measured on 427 core samples collected from the Martin Lake project, which is located in the southeastern Athabasca Basin (Saskatchewan, Canada). Results indicate that resistivity, density, and porosity are correlated to each other, especially within basement units. A comparison of their distribution with the IR spectral mineralogy demonstrates a relationship for each altered and unaltered samples. The samples with low resistivity and density, and high porosity are characterized by the presence of a di-trioctahedral (Al–Mg) chlorite (sudoite) due to the hydrothermal alteration processes. The unaltered samples with higher resistivity and density, and low porosity contain a tri-octahedral (Fe–Mg) chlorite as a result of metamorphic processes. Eleven mineralogical classes can be established based on IR spectroscopy. A percentile-based approach has been proposed and tested to define physical property ranges for each of the classes to predict resistivity and density values downhole.

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