The Paleoproterozoic East Arm Basin of Canada hosts polymetallic vein, iron oxide–apatite (IOA), and potential iron oxide–copper–gold (IOCG) mineral occurrences, mainly associated with a belt of ca. 1.87 Ga intermediate-composition sills termed the Compton intrusions. Advances in our knowledge of the East Arm Basin and of IOA and IOCG deposits within the broader context of iron oxide and alkali-calcic alteration systems enables a new regional analysis of this mineralization and facilitates comparison of these mineral occurrences and host rocks to the nearby Great Bear magmatic zone IOCG districts. The Compton intrusions and co-magmatic Pearson Formation volcanic rocks are comparable in age and composition to intrusive plus volcanic rocks of the Great Bear magmatic zone that host IOA–IOCG mineralization. Taking into account fault displacements, emplacement of Compton intrusions and Pearson Formation volcanic rocks are also consistent with the architecture of modern arcs, supporting a direct relationship with the Great Bear subduction zone. Trace element patterns of uraninite contained in IOA occurrences of the East Arm Basin are also similar to the patterns of uraninite from the Great Bear magmatic zone occurrences, consistent with both regions having experienced similar iron oxide and alkali-calcic alteration and mineralization. Our new results indicate that exploration for IOA, IOCG, and affiliated deposits in the East Arm Basin should focus on delineating increased potassic-iron alteration types and fault/breccia zones associated with these systems through field mapping and application of geochemical, radiometric, magnetic, and gravity surveys.
Paleoproterozoic Iron Oxide Apatite (IOA) and Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold (IOCG) mineralization in the East Arm Basin, Northwest Territories, Canada
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E.G. Potter, L. Corriveau, B.A. Kjarsgaard; Paleoproterozoic Iron Oxide Apatite (IOA) and Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold (IOCG) mineralization in the East Arm Basin, Northwest Territories, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences ; 57 (1): 167–183. doi: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2018-0171
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