We propose a new numerical workflow based on stochastic data integration where we merge a conceptual geological model, drillhole geophysical and geological logs, and surface geophysical data to compute a unified numerical model of a volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) deposit. The first step of the workflow consists in building a three-dimensional (3D) numerical conceptual model of the geology. This conceptual model, as well as geological logs, is then used to generate multiple equiprobable scenarios of the geology by means of multiple-point simulation (MPS). The MPS method studies high-order statistics in the space of a numerical conceptual model, making it possible to reproduce complex geological structures. We then use conventional conditional sequential Gaussian simulation, which is a method based on a node-by-node sequential process, to stochastically populate the geological grid with densities. For this purpose we use available density logs to simulate multiple equiprobable spatial distributions of the density at high spatial resolution within each geological unit separately. The stochastic high-resolution density models are iteratively combined by the gradual deformation method to minimize the difference between measured Bouguer anomaly data and the data computed on the combined realizations of density. Application of the proposed method to the Lalor deposit, a VMS deposit in Manitoba, Canada, produces a density model that honours the geology of the deposit and the Bouguer anomaly data. This unified model has the advantage to include all the available information (geological and density logs and surface geophysics) at scales appropriate for mining applications.
Three-dimensional stochastic assimilation of gravity data in Lalor volcanogenic massive sulphide, Manitoba, Canada1
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Shiva Tirdad, Erwan Gloaguen, Abderezzak Bouchedda, J. Christian Dupuis; Three-dimensional stochastic assimilation of gravity data in Lalor volcanogenic massive sulphide, Manitoba, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences ; 56 (5): 556–568. doi: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2018-0166
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