Regional-scale three-dimensional modelling of Quaternary sediments in the Orangeville Moraine area of southwestern Ontario has been completed as part of the Ontario Geological Survey groundwater initiative and provides an improved understanding of the glacial history and conceptual hydrostratigraphic framework for that region. Older (Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3–5) diamicton, glaciolacustrine, glaciofluvial, and rare nonglacial deposits forming regional aquitards and local aquifers are found in the northwestern part of the area. Catfish Creek Till, deposited during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) (MIS 2), forms a key aquitard and stratigraphic marker at depth. Diamicton, fine-textured glaciolacustrine sediments, and the gravel, sand, and silt conduit and subaqueous fan sediments that constitute the overlying Orangeville Moraine were deposited in an ice-walled lake formed between ice lobes during retreat from the LGM. Diamicton deposited during late-glacial ice margin fluctuations forms the upper aquitard unit and buries the edges of the moraine. The Orangeville Moraine is the largest aquifer in the area, and is partially confined by the upper tills. Thick fine-textured glaciolacustrine deposits, Catfish Creek Till, and older aquitards separate the moraine from bedrock aquifers across most of the area. Depending on hydraulic gradients, buried bedrock valleys with gravel and sand fills have the potential to recharge the bedrock aquifer.
Research Article|November 29, 2017
Three-dimensional hydrostratigraphy of the Orangeville Moraine area, southwestern Ontario, Canada1
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Abigail Burt; Three-dimensional hydrostratigraphy of the Orangeville Moraine area, southwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences ; 55 (7): 802–828. doi: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2017-0077
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