The coalescence and subsequent divergence of glaciers near the McLeod Lake map area during the last (Fraser) glaciation are recorded by landforms, ice-flow indicators, and the distribution of sediments. Ice initially flowed into the study area from the northwest, with at least one fluctuation in the ice-front position. Ice flow during glacial maximum was generally to the northeast and transitioned to the east during deglaciation. The Quaternary stratigraphic record spans the Fraser Glaciation and is represented by a sequence of advance glaciolacustrine sediments, multiple till units, retreat glaciolacustrine and glaciofluvial sediments, and associated postglacial aeolian material. The surficial geology is dominated by thick, streamlined till that thins where relief is high. Glaciofluvial outwash occurs mostly in northeast- and southeast-trending meltwater channels, while ice-contact glaciofluvial deposits and ablation till occur in depressions throughout the region. Extensive glaciolacustrine deposits blanket low-lying regions in the southern parts of the study area. Meltwater and ice-flow features suggest that deglaciation in the region was dominantly frontal retreat and that ice was largely active as it retreated through the study area. Postglacial aeolian activity was brief; optical dating on K-feldspar from aeolian landforms indicates that the landforms had stabilized by between 8.71–10.71 and 12.3–14.3 ka, and provides minimum ages for ice retreat. The data from the study area are evaluated with similar data from adjacent regions to develop an ice-flow history, and refine the conceptual model of deglaciation for the northern Interior Plateau.

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