The distribution pattern of early Telychian (turriculatus–crispus graptolite biozone) red beds in the Eastern Yangtze Platform of South China is reconstructed based on regional geologic data. The red beds are developed in three areas, which are separated by regions without red deposition. The distribution pattern indicates that the Cathaysian Oldland was the provenance of sediment rich in ferric oxides, which are essential for the formation of red beds. Silurian marine siliciclastic red beds, both in China and worldwide, tended to develop during times of relatively low sea level. Coeval hematitic oolites that formed far from the coast may record a change from reducing to oxidizing conditions in the ocean. Furthermore, it is likely that a fall in global sea level, a transition from reducing to oxidizing conditions in the ocean, and a cooling climate, all of which were closely related to the early Telychian Valgu Event, promoted the global development of marine red beds during this period.