Abstract

Recent identification of hydrothermally altered rocks and breccia in the underexplored Montresor belt of Paleoproterozoic metasedimentary rocks suggests the possible presence of undiscovered mineralization. This study examines potential field data from the region with the goal of identifying subsurface features that could be associated with or serve as vectors to mineralization (subsurface alteration zones, faulting and (or) igneous intrusions). Gravity data were used to model regional and local geological features using known geology and physical properties from the study area and environs as constraints, and documents dense intrusive bodies underlying the Paleoproterozoic sequences. Maps of transformed apparent magnetic susceptibility values outline corridors of weak magnetization that correspond to observed zones of non-magnetic breccia and epidote–hematite–quartz alteration. Imputing the apparent susceptibility and rock property information into a magnetic forward model defines the geometry of this alteration zone, which is best explained as a northerly dipping non-magnetic or demagnetized, metasomatized intrusive sheet. The presence of previously undocumented igneous intrusions, their association with demagnetized hydrothermal breccia, and the continuity of the demagnetized zone suggests additional prospective areas within the region. This geological–geophysical framework for the nature and geometry of the Montresor belt and its surrounds highlights the importance of integrated modelling for areas with limited data.

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