Abstract

Ice flow of the last glaciation in the Buffalo Head Hills kimberlite field of northern Alberta is reconstructed from landform interpretations and clast orientations for the purpose of aiding kimberlite exploration in the region. The paucity of bedrock outcrop and the absence of preserved striae and other erosional ice-flow indicators on the soft Cretaceous marine sediments inhibit detailed interpretations on glacial flow chronology. Poorly developed bedrock drumlins on the Buffalo Head Hills and erosional ice-flow indicators preserved on the kimberlite outcrops indicate southwestward ice flow during the maximum extent of ice during the last glaciation. During the deglaciation of northern Alberta, later phases of ice flow were controlled by lobes of surging ice, which surged into proglacial lakes. West of the Buffalo Head Hills, the maximum phase of southwest flow was followed by southeastward ice movement of the Peace River ice lobe. Similarly, east of the Buffalo Head Hills, the maximum phase of ice flow was superceded by a south-southwest ice advance of the Wasbasca ice lobe.

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