Abstract

Arrhinoceratops brachyops is a poorly understood chasmosaurine ceratopsid from the Upper Cretaceous Horseshoe Canyon Formation of Alberta, previously described on the basis of only a single skull. Here, we report on a second specimen attributable to this species, including a relatively complete skull, syncervical, and partial left forelimb. This second specimen clarifies aspects of morphology not visible in the holotype, and also elucidates variation in A. brachyops. The species is distinguished by a square-shaped triangular process of the premaxilla, a steeply inclined triturating surface of the predentary, and a triangular nasal horncore in horizontal section. The dentary is also distinctive in bearing a bony lateral ridge similar to that of Anchiceratops ornatus, but more strongly developed. Phylogenetic analysis cannot resolve the relationships of Arrhinoceratops beyond the level of Chasmosaurinae, owing to both missing data and conflicting characters. However, we do find some support for a deep split within Chasmosaurinae, contrary to conventional topologies. We also report on other fragmentary specimens plausibly attributable to A. brachyops that suggest a minimum age range of approximately 750 ka for this species.

You do not currently have access to this article.