Northeastern Melville Peninsula, Nunavut, Canada, preserves the stratigraphic record of the northwestern margin of the Foxe Basin. The Ordovician sequence on the peninsula includes the Lower Ordovician Ship Point Formation and Upper Ordovician Frobisher Bay, Amadjuak, Akpatok, and Foster Bay formations. Their biostratigraphic ages and correlations are poorly understood; in particular it is unclear whether the organic-rich “Boas River Formation” exists on the peninsula. Following extensive sampling of these stratigraphic units, studies of numerous conodont elements from both outcrops and rubble at about 60 localities have established five conodont assemblages through the five lithostratigraphic units on the peninsula. Oepikodus communis – Jumudontus gananda Assemblage in the Ship Point Formation is correlated to the Reutterodus andinus Zone in the uppermost Ibexian, Lower Ordovician. The other four assemblages from the Upper Ordovician are as follows: Appalachignathus delicatulus – Polyplacognathus ramosus – Belodina confluens in the Frobisher Bay Formation correlated to lower B. confluens Zone in the upper Chatfieldian; Belodina confluens – Periodon grandis in the Amadjuak Formation to the upper B. confluens, Oulodus velicuspis, O. robustus, and lower Aphelognathus grandis zones from Edenian to lowest Richmondian; Amorphognathus ordovicicus – Plegagnathus and Rhipidognathus symmetricus – Aphelognathus cf. A. divergens in the Akpatok and Foster Bay formations to the lower and upper Richmondian. The biostratigraphy is combined with geographical information systems (GIS) and Google Earth technologies in estimating the thickness of Paleozoic strata, which reduces the likelihood of “Boas River Formation” existing on Melville Peninsula to minimum.