Abstract

The mineralogy, petrology, and geochemistry of an igneous-textured clast in the Peace River L6 chondrite meteorite was examined to determine the roles of nebular processes, accretion, and parent-body metamorphism in its origin. The centimetre-scale clast is grey and fine grained and is in sharp contact with the host chondrite. Two sub-millimetre veins cut across both the clast and host, indicating that the clast formed prior to the impact (shock) event(s) that produced the numerous veins present in the Peace River meteorite. The clast and host are indistinguishable in terms of mineral compositions. In contrast, there are differences in modal mineralogy, texture, as well as trace element and oxygen isotope composition between the clast and host. These differences strongly suggest that the clast was formed by impact melting of LL-group chondritic material involving loss of Fe–FeS and phosphate components, followed by relatively rapid cooling and incorporation into the Peace River host meteorite. Subsequent metamorphism on the Peace River parent body caused recrystallization of the clast and homogenization of mineral compositions and thermally labile element abundances between the clast and host. Shock metamorphism, including formation of shock melt veins, occurred post-metamorphism, during fragmentation of the L chondrite parent body. The results suggest that the formation of the Peace River parent asteroid included the incorporation of material from other asteroids and that the pre-metamorphic protolith was a breccia. Accordingly, we propose that the Peace River meteorite be reclassified as a polymict breccia.

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