Abstract

Three major phases of folding affected rocks of Late Proterozoic and Early Paleozoic age and members long assigned to the Shuswap Complex of southeastern British Columbia. The main and first phase of folding produced a large recumbent anticline, having a northerly trend, overturned to the east, that contains an exotic wedge of granite-gneiss within its core. This gneiss was mechanically emplaced into the Late Proterozoic and Early Paleozoic sediments, and already had a metamorphic and deformational history prior to its emplacement. Its age is possible Hudsonian equivalent. Metamorphism during this recumbent phase of folding was greenschist facies.Phase 2 folding was accompanied by amphibolite facies metamorphism, and caused refolding of the earlier composite recumbent anticline into open folds along southeasterly axes.A third and final phase of folding, associated with waning metamorphism, gave rise to folds along southeasterly striking axial-planes that dip steeply to the northeast. Thus, phase three folds caused tightening-up of the previously formed folds.The absolute age of these deformations is not yet known, but the Shuswap Complex, at its eastern margin, is shown to include Paleozoic rocks and some older gneisses, possibly of Hudsonian age.

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