Abstract

The Salinic Orogeny is defined to encompass tectonic interactions that affect all elements of Ganderia involved in the closure of the Tetagouche–Exploits back-arc basin between the Late Ordovician and Early Devonian. Hence, the D1 and D2 deformations in the Miramichi Highlands and Elmtree Inlier of northern New Brunswick are Salinic events, and onlap of Lower Silurian rocks onto exhumed parts of the Brunswick Subduction Complex represents the earliest (Salinic A) of three Silurian unconformities in the region. Upper Ordovician to Lower Silurian rocks of the Matapédia successor basin contain widespread evidence of Middle Silurian tectonism (e.g., disconformities, angular unconformities, and fold interference patterns) created by Devonian overprinting of Silurian folds lacking axial planar cleavage (Salinic B). Recent U–Pb radioisotopic dating of chemically abraded zircon from rhyolite just above the Salinic B unconformity has yielded an age of 422.3 ± 0.3 Ma; combined with late Early Silurian fossil ages just below the unconformity, this indicates a ca. 5 million year Middle Silurian hiatus. Finally, Upper Silurian (Ludfordian) rocks are locally disconformably overlain by polymictic conglomerates that form the base of the Devonian section (Salinic C). All Silurian rocks in northeastern New Brunswick have historically been included in the Chaleurs Group; however, unconformities and local stratigraphic variations (especially compared with the type locality) support the introduction of new higher rank names in New Brunswick. Hence, the Quinn Point Group is introduced to incorporate Lower Silurian rocks, the Petit Rocher Group to include Upper Silurian sedimentary rocks in the Nigadoo River Syncline, and the Dickie Cove Group for Upper Silurian volcanic rocks in the Charlo – Jacquet River area. Upper Silurian rocks west of Campbellton that are contiguous with the Chaleurs Group in Quebec, will remain part of the Chaleurs Group.

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