Abstract

The eastern margin of the Kechika Graben in the vicinity of Muncho and Moose lakes, northeastern British Columbia, contains Middle Cambrian rift-related strata herein named the Mount Roosevelt Formation. The formation conformably overlies a quartzite package equivalent to the uppermost clastic unit of the informal late Early Cambrian Gataga group (Bonnia–Olenellus zone) and is conformably overlain by a thick, unnamed carbonate sequence of Middle Cambrian age (Plagiura–Poliella zone). The Mount Roosevelt Formation is subdivided into three members. The lowermost member is characterized by oöid-bearing siltstone and sandstone, interbedded with dolostone, limestone, and hematitic conglomerate. Conformably above this, the middle member is a thick sequence of polymict cobbly pebble conglomerate. The upper member includes karstified dolostone, calcareous-cemented conglomerate and sandstone, and limestone. Collectively the Mount Roosevelt Formation reflects alluvial fan delta progradation into a transgressive marine environment. Deposition occurred in an active fault-controlled basin, located on the eastern margin of the Kechika Graben adjacent to the Muskwa High. Basin initiation in the late Early Cambrian coincided with the reactivation of pre-existing regional faults. High rates of subsidence during the initial phase of extension were accommodated on these faults, which provided a locus for fan delta deposition. Continuing high rates of subsidence limited basinward fan delta development. Deposition of the formation ended with base-level transgression in the early Middle Cambrian that drowned the fan deltas and the adjacent Muskwa High and allowed development of the Kechika Trough above the older graben system.

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