Abstract

The 1167 ± 2  Ma Leo Lake pluton, located at the southern part of the Frontenac terrane in Central Metasedimentary Belt of southeastern Ontario, is a bimodal pluton that is dominated by olivine gabbro, gabbro, syenite, and lesser monzonite. The adjoining 1166 ± 3  Ma Lyndhurst pluton is composed of syenite and granite, and exhibits magma mingling. Even though geochemical data from both plutons suggest fractional crystallization as the main crystallization process, magma mingling is evident in the Lyndhurst pluton. Hornblende from the Leo Lake syenite yields a 40Ar–39Ar age of 1120 ± 6  Ma and titanite from the adjacent St. Lawrence skarn yields a U–Pb age of 1147 ± 8  Ma. The 40Ar–39Ar age indicates that the pluton cooled to 550 °C at a rate of ca. <2 °C/Ma following emplacement. The two plutons are similar in petrology to several other granitic, syenitic, and monzonitic intrusions of the Frontenac suite in the Frontenac terrane. Moreover, the spatial distribution, textural features, and geochemistry indicate that the plutons are coeval. The present data indicate that the two plutons may have been produced from evolved mantle-derived melts, and may have assimilated varying proportions of crustal melts.

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