Abstract

This Lithoprobe-funded paleomagnetic study of the Early Proterozoic Wintering Lake granitoid body supports tectonic models that suggest continental accretion of the Trans-Hudson Orogen with the Superior Craton occurred at ∼1822 Ma. Thermal demagnetization data for the granitoid specimens suggest that the magnetic remanence carriers are coarse-grained magnetite or titanomagnetite, and saturation isothermal remanence tests suggest that the magnetite is mostly multidomain. Six of seven paleomagnetic contact tests were negative, indicating that the host rocks have been remagnetized and that the granitoid body may have been partially remagnetized near its margins. Acceptable site mean remanence directions for 20 of 21 granitic sites yield a paleopole at 46.8°N, 102.2°W (with semi-axes of the 95% ellipse of confidence about the paleopole of dp = 11° and dm = 11°). The paleopole fits on the extrapolated apparent polar wander path (APWP) for the Superior craton at ∼1822 Ma, which is the interpreted emplacement age of the pluton close to the peak of the Trans-Hudson orogeny. This is the first well-constrained paleomagnetic result from the Superior Province that provides direct evidence from concordant paleopoles for the Early Proterozoic accretion of the orogen to the craton. Further, the paleomagnetic results from the pluton’s host rocks, along with other recent results from the Superior Boundary Zone, fill in a gap in the APWP for the craton between ∼1780 and ∼1720 Ma. The Superior path is now shown to form a hairpin as the craton moves from mid to polar paleolatitudes from ∼1880 to ∼1830 Ma, suffers a stillstand from ∼1830 to ∼1770 Ma during the peak of the Trans-Hudson orogeny, returns to mid-paleolatitudes from ∼1770 to ∼1740 Ma, and then moves on to subequatorial paleolatitudes by ∼1720 Ma.

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