Abstract

In the Cree Lake Zone of northern Saskatchewan, reworked Archean orthogneisses are overlain by a highly deformed supracrustal sequence, the Paleoproterozoic Wollaston Group. This package of rocks was deformed and metamorphosed during the ca. 1.8 Ga continent–continent collision of the Trans-Hudson Orogen (THO), forming the Wollaston fold–thrust belt that underlies the eastern Athabasca Basin. The Hudsonian structural, metamorphic, and magmatic evolution of the Wollaston fold-thrust belt in the eastern Athabasca area involved six major stages. (1) Early collisional stage, DP1 at 1860–1835 Ma, involved burial of Wollaston Group metasediments from surface to depths equivalent to 3–5 kbar (1 kbar = 100 MPa) by thrust-pile stacking or imbrication tectonics, prograde metamorphism with garnet growth and development of early leucosomes, and emplacement of ca. 1840 Ma grey granite suite. (2) Collisional stage, DP2a at 1835–1820 Ma, involved continued deeper burial of Wollaston Group metasediments along a prograde PTt (pressure–temperature–time) path at depths equivalent to peak pressures of 6–9 kbar and approaching peak temperatures (750–825 °C), mafic magma underplating in the lower crust, initiation of large-scale crustal melting, emplacement of 1835–1820 Ma tholeiitic to calc-alkaline intrusions, and initiation of strike-slip tectonics. (3) Oblique collisional stage, DP2b at 1820–1805 Ma, involved strong transpressional tectonics with NE–SW shearing and NW–SE shortening, partitioned high-strain ductile flow, kilometre-scale fold development, initiation of exhumation, attainment of peak temperatures (750–825 °C), and essentially isothermal decompression with decompressional melting and intrusion of the main pulse of leucogranites and granitic pegmatites. (4) Late oblique collisional stage, DP3 at 1805–1775 Ma, caused development of amphibolite-facies dextral strike-slip shear zones and retrograde movement of older shear zones. It included apparent rotation of the main shortening axis and development of accommodation features due to vertical uplift (i.e., extension). (5) Post-collisional stage, DP4 at 1775–1760 Ma, involved continued localized adjustments along an essentially isobaric cooling path and produced NNE-trending, sinistral, oblique-slip reverse faults with reactivation of older shear zones. (6) Late post-collisional stage, DP5, produced north- to northwest-trending sinistral faults, including the Tabbernor fault system. Extension and tectonic extrusion during DP4 and DP5 were significant and resulted in orogenic collapse and formation of the Athabasca Basin at ca. 1750–1680 Ma.

You do not currently have access to this article.