The Kennedy Channel and Ella Bay formations are the two oldest stratigraphic units exposed in the Franklinian margin sedimentary sequence in the Canadian Arctic Islands. An Early Cambrian age had previously been accepted by the occurrence of trilobites and small shelly fossils in the type section of the Kennedy Channel Formation. Reinvestigation of the area around the type section shows that several large strike-slip faults cut the succession and that the olenelloid trilobites are from an infaulted slice of a younger unit, the Lower Cambrian Kane Basin Formation. Thus, there is no unambiguous paleontological evidence for the age of either the Kennedy Channel or Ella Bay formations. However, the abundance of stromatolites, absence of trace fossils, and separation from overlying Lower Cambrian clastics by a regional angular unconformity indicate a probable late Neoproterozoic age for these two formations. The Ella Bay Formation likely correlates with the Portfjeld Formation in North Greenland, the Spiral Creek Formation in East Greenland, and the Risky Formation of the Mackenzie Mountains in northwestern Canada. The passive margin that existed in northern Laurentia during the early Paleozoic was, therefore, established in the late Neoproterozoic, and the onset of rifting must have preceded this, rather than occurring in the Early Cambrian as some authors have suggested.

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