The thematic set provides examples of the many techniques that earth scientists can offer for use in archaeology. These studies use methods such as electron microprobe analysis, inductively coupled plasma – mass spectrometry, X-ray fluorescence, optically stimulated luminescence, and soil and sediment stratigraphic analysis. Materials examined range from soils to basalt and dacite artifacts, glass, ceramics, phytoliths, and even ore assay beads. They cover 8000 years of time and are derived from three continents. The diversity of materials and techniques underscores the potential for collaboration as we open new doors into our collective past.

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