Lusitanisuchus mitracostatus is a small mesoeucrocodilian crocodylomorph from the Upper Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) of Guimarota–Leiria in Portugal, which was originally described as an anguimorph lizard (Lisboasaurus mitracostatusSeiffert, 1970) based on jaw fragments and isolated teeth. A recent reexamination of the crocodylomorph material of Guimarota yielded new skull and dentary remains assignable to Lusitanisuchus mitracostatus. The new skull material not only enables for the first time a skull reconstruction of this taxon, but also leads to renaming and reclassifying Lisboasaurus mitracostatus. Teeth of Lusitanisuchus are also reported from the locality Porto Dinheiro–Lourinhã, Early Cretaceous (Berriasian) of Portugal. The presence of this crocodylomorph taxon in two Portuguese localities suggests its occurence in the Lusitanian Basin during the Kimmeridgian to the Berriasian.

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