Abstract

In the Humber Arm area of the western Newfoundland Appalachians, four distinct stratigraphie successions derived from the Laurentian continental margin are exposed. Each succession is believed to be characteristic of a separate thrust sheet. The platform sheet represents the ancient Laurentian shelf and its foreland basin cover; the Watsons Brook sheet is characterized by a succession including shelf-margin carbonates overlying foreland basin clastics; the Corner Brook sheet comprises continental slope and rise clastic and carbonate sedimentary rocks of the Humber Arm Supergroup; and the Woods Island sheet includes clastics of the Blow Me Down Brook formation that overlie mafic volcanics. Sheets are subdivided by thrusts into tectonic slices. Disrupted units and mélange, with scaly S1 foliation, are found along the boundaries of some slices. Thrust sheets and related structures have been deformed by F2 folds with axial planar S2 cleavage. S1 scaly foliations are transposed into parallelism with S2. There is a transition in the style of F2 folds across the area, from upright and subhorizontal in the west to overturned folds with west-dipping axial planes and steeply raking or reclined fold hinges in the east. Strongly curved fold hinges may reflect later shearing along the S2 surfaces, producing sheath-like fold geometries. Shear zones close to the east edge of the outcrop of the Watsons Brook sheet display kinematic indicators indicating both D2 reverse-sense and D3 normal-sense dip-slip shears. Subsequent events produced L4 and L5 crenulation lineations on the S2 surfaces. At minimum, several tens of kilometres of shortening affected the part of the margin preserved in the Humber Arm area; true shortening and transport amounts may have been much larger.

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