Abstract

The Aillik domain of the Makkovik Province is dominated by deformed and metamorphosed sedimentary and bimodal volcanic rocks of the redefined Aillik Group and abundant unfoliated late- to post-orogenic plutonic rocks. Mapping and petrological studies in the Makkovik Bay area of the Aillik domain showed that the upper part of the group, in addition to felsic volcanic rocks, also includes extensive areas of hypabyssal, foliated granitic rocks (Measles Point Granite). Although petrochemically similar to the spatially associated felsic volcanic rocks, a new U–Pb (zircon) age of 1929 Ma suggests that the Measles Point Granite may be about 70 million years older than the volcanic rocks of the Aillik Group, based on published U–Pb dates for the latter unit. The volcanic and granitic rocks show similar structural and metamorphic history, and both have characteristics of crust-derived A-type felsic rocks, although the granite shows less chemical variation than the felsic volcanic rocks. A within-plate setting is postulated, although the associated mafic metavolcanic rocks and amphibolite dykes show evidence of a volcanic-arc influence. Possible solutions of the paradox presented by the U–Pb ages imply that the Measles Point Granite either represents the juvenile basement to the Aillik Group or was derived from a basement with a large juvenile component. The setting for deposition of the Aillik Group that is consistent with current tectonic models for the Makkovik Province is a rifted arc built on a juvenile terrane accreted to Archean crust.

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