Archaeological evidence potentially predating the well-known Palaeo-Indian traditions, characterized by bifacial stone projectile points, has been a subject of debate for decades. Claims on cultural records predating ca. 12 000 years BP have been questioned because of the particular geological context implying an unusual antiquity, which does not fit into the established culture-historical paradigm and (or) the cultural authenticity of the alleged early human evidence, mostly represented by rudimentarily modified lithics. Although the criticism can be justified on objective grounds in some cases, there is a tendency, which we call “folklore” (Chlachula and Le Blanc 1996), to question...

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