Abstract

Almost sixty years after the initial mapping of extensive Quaternary sediments along the coast of St. George’s Bay, Newfoundland, a revised stratigraphic section is presented which identifies five main sediment types (diamicton, mud, sand, gravelly sand, gravel) and their stratigraphical position along 39 km of coastline from Highlands to Flat Bay. Most of the sediments overlying a basal till (St. George’s River Drift) are interpreted to have been deposited in an ice-proximal to ice-distal glaciomarine environment by debris flow, underflow, current flow, or suspension settling, and capped by glaciofluvial outwash (Bay St. George Delta). For the most part, sections display a relatively simple deglacial sequence in a shallowing marine to fluvial environment. Where hummocky ridges intersect the coast, however, the sedimentary sequences are more complex and the variability in depositional style is typical of grounding line fans at a tidewater glacier margin. The occurrence of an upper diamicton or coarse gravels (Robinsons Head Drift) was generally observed only in grounding-line fan sequences and is interpreted here in the context of marginal fluctuations of a quasi-stable tidewater glacier, and not necessarily a climatically-induced readvance of a landbased ice margin (Robinsons Head readvance). Radiocarbon dates on marine shells from varied stratigraphic positions and sedimentary units suggest rapid deposition occurred in a glaciomarine environment between 14 and 13 ka BP.

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