Abstract

Las Ollas complex (LOC) is a subduction complex spatially associated with the early Cretaceous Zihuatanejo–Huetamo subterrane (Guerrero terrane) in southern Mexico. LOC tectonic mélanges compose of a stack of east-dipping, west-vergent tectonic sheets containing blocks of metabasalt, metadolerite, metagabbro, ultramafics, volcaniclastics, quartz-rich sandstone, and chert enveloped in a highly sheared clastic or serpentinitic matrix. Most igneous and igneous-derived metamorphic blocks show geochemical and isotopic features typical of island-arc tholeiitic suites: (i) low TiO2 (0.13 to 0.91%) and Zr (5 to 57 ppm) contents; (ii) high (LFSE/HFSE)N ratios; low LaN/YbN (0.5 to 4) values; and, high εNd(T) (+7.9 to +8.0) ratios. Petrographical and mineral chemistry evidence indicates that blocks underwent early recrystallization under high pressure and low temperature (HP–LT), blueschist facies conditions during subduction. Typical assemblages include blue (sodic through calco-sodic to Na-rich calcic) amphibole + lawsonite ± tremolite ± Mg-chlorite ± white mica ± albite ± quartz. Phase relations and chlorite thermometry suggest temperatures of about 200°–330o C and pressures of 5–7 kbar. It is proposed that sedimentary blocks were generated by in situ remobilization and mixing, whereas igneous blocks most probably derived from the chemically and isotopically identical Zihuatanejo island-arc suite. Our data suggest that LOC represents part of a subduction complex formed by eastward-directed subduction related with the evolution of the early Cretaceous Zihuatanejo island arc.

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