A new eurypterid fauna from the Lower Bear Rock Formation (Early Devonian, Emsian) of Anderson River, in the Northwest Territories of the Canadian Arctic, is described. The material comprises an almost complete specimen and five isolated carapaces of Erieopterus microphthalmus; an incomplete carapace and telson referred to Drepanopterus sp.; and an isolated prosomal appendage of Carcinosoma sp. Associations include actinopterygian, sarcopterygian, and acanthodian fish, as well as lingulids, conchostracans, ostracodes, coprolites, and plant material. A nearshore marine environment is inferred. This assemblage provides the first Canadian record of Drepanopterus and the youngest Canadian occurrences of erieopterid and carcinosomatid eurypterids.