Abstract

Geophysical probing results are synthesized into a three-dimensional framework necessary for understanding the genesis of the Sudbury Structure, based primarily on seismic reflection results centred on the Sudbury Igneous Complex. Remnants of crustal melting from a catastrophic meteorite impact are superimposed on the juxtaposition of mid-crustal rocks exhumed during the Archean against deformed Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks. Sedimentation, metamorphism, deformation, and metasomatic overprints are all part of the post-impact history of Sudbury and tend to dominate the geophysical response of the structure. Pre-impact deformation, although certainly preserved in some aspects of Sudbury geology, is not clearly expressed in the geophysical data, nor are any elements of impact-induced deformation. Geophysical views of the Sudbury Igneous Complex are thus somewhat biased in representing mostly the post-impact, but pre-Grenvillian history of the region, with the exception of igneous events. Establishing the proper context for integrating these geophysical results in the genetic interpretation of the Sudbury Structure depends crucially upon timing constraints.

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