Abstract

Archean supracrustal rocks in the western Wabigoon Subprovince, Superior Province, Canadian Shield, have undergone four phases of deformation, D1-D4. D1, confined to the oldest rocks, includes a large, refolded, reclined, isoclinal anticline (F1) with moderately developed axial-planar cleavage (S1). Rocks affected by D1 are overlain by a regional unconformity. D2 includes post-unconformity, steeply plunging, north-northeast-south-southwest-striking, isoclinal folds (F2) that are approximately coaxial with F1, but have contorted the F1 axial trace. D3 is represented by east-west-striking, steeply plunging folds at various scales (F3) which occur mainly in rocks near the regional Manitou Stretch - Pipestone Lake Shear Zone, also interpreted to be a D3 structure. D4 is represented by pervasive cleavage (S4), locally penetrative but mainly spaced, including crenulation cleavage, fractures, small faults, and brittle-ductile shears. S4 is parallel to the margin of the Jackfish Lake Pluton. D1-D3 are ascribed to convergence of the Wabigoon Subprovince with adjacent subprovinces, ending with formation of the Manitou Stretch - Pipestone Lake Shear Zone as a (presently) steep thrust and oblique-ramp structure. D4 is the result of either diapiric emplacement of the Jackfish Lake Pluton, or marginal strain intensification due to the rigidity of the older Ash Bay Dome during late north-south compression. Previously available zircon U-Pb geochronology provides a maximum age for D1 of 2728 Ma, and an approximate age for D4 of 2698 Ma. The unconformity developed between D1 and D2, 2725-2713 Ma.

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