Abstract

The Snow Lake Allochthon is a zone of tectonic interleaving of sedimentary rocks of an inverted marginal basin (Kisseynew Domain) with island-arc and oceanic rocks. It is located in the southeastern part of the exposed internal zone of the Paleoproterozoic Trans-Hudson Orogen in Manitoba, Canada, near the external zone (Superior collision zone or Thompson Belt), which constitutes the local boundary between the Trans-Hudson Orogen and the Archean Superior Craton. The Snow Lake Allochthon formed, was deformed, and was metamorphosed up to high grade at low to medium pressure during the Hudsonian orogeny as a result of the collision of Archean cratons ∼1.84–1.77 Ga. Four generations of folds (F1–F4) that formed in at least three successive kinematic frames over a period of more than 30 Ma are described. Isoclinal to transposed southerly verging F1–2 structures are refolded by large, open to tight F3 folds and, locally, by open to tight F4 folds. The axes of the F1–2 folds are parallel or near parallel to the axes of F3 folds, owing to progressive reorientation of the F1–2 axes during south- to southwest-directed tectonic transport, followed by F3 refolding around the previous linear anisotropy. A tectonic model is presented that reconciles the distinct tectono-metamorphic developments in the Snow Lake Allochthon and the adjacent part of the Kisseynew Domain on the one hand, and in the Thompson Belt on the other, during final collision of the Trans-Hudson Orogen with the Superior Craton.

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