The New Russia gneiss complex in the northeastern Adirondack Highlands of New York includes meta-anorthosite gneiss and anatectic gneiss derived from metagabbro, mangerite, and charnockite. Metamorphic conditions during anatexis (850-950°C, highest near the anorthosite, with pressure ~750 MPa) are inferred from minerals and textures produced by dehydration melting of pargasitic hornblende and from ternary feldspar in anatectic segregations. The complex abuts and is crosscut by the eastern margin of the ~1130 Ma Marcy anorthosite massif. The crosscutting contact, the presence of meta-anorthosite gneiss within the complex and undeformed meta-anorthosite in the massif, and the occurrence of deformed and undeformed anatectic segregations within the New Russia gneisses indicate an approximate synchroneity of penetrative deformation, very high temperature metamorphism, and emplacement of anorthosite with both intrusion and anatexis outlasting deformation. The position of the New Russia gneisses, the metamorphic gradient within them, and the contemporaneity of anatexis with intrusion of anorthosite imply that the complex is the metamorphic aureole of the Marcy anorthosite.